The U.S. labor market’s recovery weakened in September, with the economy adding only 661,000 new nonfarm jobs through the middle of the month, less than half of what it created in the month through mid-August.
The number was well below expectations for net gains of 850,000. However, August’s numbers were revised up by 118,000 to 1.47 million.
Kit Juckes, a macro strategist for Societe Generale (OTC:SCGLY), said via Twtter that the data “suggest (the) jobs recovery is ongoing but slowing a bit.”
The unemployment rate fell more than expected to 7.9% of the workforce, from 8.4% in August. Analysts had expected a rate of 8.2% ahead of time. The broader ‘U6′ measure of underemployment also fell, but stayed at the historically high level of 12.8% of the labor force. Participation in the workforce fell again, to 61.4% from 61.7% in August.
The shortfall in job gains was accounted for entirely by government employment, which fell by 216,000 in the month. Private payrolls expanded by 877,000, even more than expected after ADP (NASDAQ:ADP) flagged a gain of just under 750,000 earlier in the week.
Financial markets were nonetheless disappointed by the news, which followed only hours after President Donald Trump’s positive test for the Covid-19 virus for once upstaged what is normally the world’s most important economic data release of the month. By 8:55 AM ET (1455 GMT), Dow Jones Futures were down 1.6% after being down only 1.2% immediately before the release, while S&P 500 Futures were down 1.7%.
The last two months’ data have been distorted to a degree by hiring for the 2020 census. However, on a slightly longer view, it now appears that the economy has clawed back just over half of the jobs that it lost in first wave of the pandemic in spring.
“Today’s jobs report will not change perceptions that (the) U.S. labor market is stressed,” wrote Marc Chandler, managing director of Bannockburn Global Forex. “Yesterday, we learned 837,000 people filed initial; unemployment benefit and another 650,000 sought emergency assistance.”